Computer Science Teachers Association Standards (CSTA)

Grades 3-5

Identifier Standard Concept Subconcept Related Projects
1B-CS-01

Describe how internal and external parts of computing devices function to form a system.

Computing Systems

Devices

1B-CS-02

Model how computer hardware and software work together as a system to accomplish tasks.

Computing Systems

Hardware & Software

1B-CS-03

Determine potential solutions to solve simple hardware and software problems using common troubleshooting strategies.

Computing Systems

Troubleshooting

1B-DA-06

Organize and present collected data visually to highlight relationships and support a claim.

Data Analysis

Collection, Visualization & Transformation

1B-DA-07

Use data to highlight or propose cause-and-effect relationships, predict outcomes, or communicate an idea.

Data Analysis

Inference & Models

1B-AP-08

Compare and refine multiple algorithms for the same task and determine which is the most appropriate.

Algorithms & Programming

Algorithms

1B-AP-09

Create programs that use variables to store and modify data.

Algorithms & Programming

Variables

1B-AP-10

Create programs that include sequences, events, loops, and conditionals.

Algorithms & Programming

Control

1B-AP-11

Decompose (break down) problems into smaller, manageable subproblems to facilitate the program development process.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

1B-AP-12

Modify, remix, or incorporate portions of an existing program into one’s own work, to develop something new or add more advanced features.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

1B-AP-13

Use an iterative process to plan the development of a program by including others’ perspectives and considering user preferences.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

1B-AP-15

Test and debug (identify and fix errors) a program or algorithm to ensure it runs as intended.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

1B-AP-16

Take on varying roles, with teacher guidance, when collaborating with peers during the design, implementation, and review stages of program development.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

1B-AP-17

Describe choices made during program development using code comments, presentations, and demonstrations.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

1B-IC-19

Brainstorm ways to improve the accessibility and usability of technology products for the diverse needs and wants of users.

Impacts of Computing

Culture

1B-IC-20

Seek diverse perspectives for the purpose of improving computational artifacts.

Impacts of Computing

Social Interactions

Grades 6-8

Identifier Standard Concept Subconcept Related Projects
2-CS-02

Design projects that combine hardware and software components to collect and exchange data.

Computing Systems

Hardware & Software

2-CS-03

Systematically identify and fix problems with computing devices and their components.

Computing Systems

Troubleshooting

2-CS-08

Collect data using computational tools and transform the data to make it more useful and reliable.

Data & Analysis

Collection, Visualization & Transformation

2-AP-10

Use flowcharts and/or pseudocode to address complex problems as algorithms.

Algorithms & Programming

Algorithms

2-AP-11

Create clearly named variables that represent different data types and perform operations on their values.

Algorithms & Programming

Variables

2-AP-12

Design and iteratively develop programs that combine control structures, including nested loops and compound conditionals.

Algorithms & Programming

Control

2-AP-13

Decompose problems and subproblems into parts to facilitate the design, implementation, and review of programs.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

2-AP-14

Create procedures with parameters to organize code and make it easier to reuse.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

2-AP-15

Seek and incorporate feedback from team members and users to refine a solution that meets user needs.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

2-AP-17

Systematically test and refine programs using a range of test cases.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

2-AP-18

Distribute tasks and maintain a project timeline when collaboratively developing computational artifacts.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

2-AP-19

Document programs in order to make them easier to follow, test, and debug.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

Grades 9-10

Identifier Standard Concept Subconcept Related Projects
3A-CS-02

Compare levels of abstraction and interactions between application software, system software, and hardware layers.

Computing Systems

Hardware & Software

3A-AP-13

Create prototypes that use algorithms to solve computational problems by leveraging prior student knowledge and personal interests.

Algorithms & Programming

Algorithms

3A-AP-14

Use lists to simplify solutions, generalizing computational problems instead of repeatedly using simple variables.

Algorithms & Programming

Variables

3A-AP-15

Justify the selection of specific control structures when tradeoffs involve implementation, readability, and program performance, and explain the benefits and drawbacks of choices made.

Algorithms & Programming

Control

3A-AP-16

Design and iteratively develop computational artifacts for practical intent, personal expression, or to address a societal issue by using events to initiate instructions.

Algorithms & Programming

Control

3A-AP-17

Decompose problems into smaller components through systematic analysis, using constructs such as procedures, modules, and/or objects.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

3A-AP-18

Create artifacts by using procedures within a program, combinations of data and procedures, or independent but interrelated programs.

Algorithms & Programming

Modularity

3A-AP-22

Design and develop computational artifacts working in team roles using collaborative tools.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development

3A-AP-23

Document design decisions using text, graphics, presentations, and/or demonstrations in the development of complex programs.

Algorithms & Programming

Program Development